Your wisdom teeth are the last of your adult teeth to erupt through the gums. This creates a lot of potential problems, including crowding, infection, pain and cysts.
The procedure is usually simple and painless, but you may feel some discomfort. This is normal and should subside after 3 days.
Impacted Wisdom Teeth
If wisdom teeth are not removed early, they can cause damage to nearby teeth and gums, as well as cause an infection. Additionally, they can lead to cysts and tumors around the tooth, which can result in permanent damage to your jaw bone.
The dentist may use local or general anesthesia to numb the area before removing the impacted wisdom teeth. After the procedure, the dentist will apply gauze to the site to help control bleeding and promote healing.
You can expect to have bruising and swelling of the area following the surgery. The recovery time is typically a week or two.
If you have impacted wisdom teeth, the dentist will need to open your gum line in order to remove them. This is usually a painful procedure, but it can be done quickly and effectively to ensure that you don’t have any serious complications.
Impacted Third Molars
Impacted third molars are wisdom teeth that cannot erupt normally into the mouth because there is not enough room. These teeth can cause a variety of oral health problems, including gum disease and infection.
Impacted wisdom teeth may erupt partially or fully, and they can also be ‘trapped’ inside the jawbone. These teeth can cause significant pain, swelling and discomfort.
The jaw joint can become stiff and sore after wisdom tooth removal, which is normal and will subside in a few days. However, this swelling and pain can last for longer if you do not have proper rest after the procedure.
Gum tissue generally heals back to normal levels in 3 to 5 days for teens and up to 7 days for adults. After recovery, you should be able to return to school or work as usual. You should also avoid hard, crunchy or irritating foods that can irritate your extraction sites for at least ten days following the procedure.
Impacted Molars with Cysts
Impacted teeth and wisdom teeth are at a high risk of developing cysts and tumors if left untreated. These cysts can enlarge and cause severe pain, tooth sensitivity, and even tooth loss if they are not removed.
Orthodontists usually see dentigerous cysts on X-rays. They can also spot them during clinical examinations, especially in teenagers who are prone to this condition.
These cysts are usually asymptomatic, but they can become inflamed and swell, which can cause pain, tooth sensitivity, lump formation, and even tooth displacement.
Treatments for dentigerous cysts vary, but they can be treated with surgery. If the cyst is small, an oral surgeon may be able to remove it along with the affected tooth.
Larger cysts may require a procedure called marsupialization. During this procedure, the cyst is cut open and the fluid drains out before stitches are added to keep the area open. This helps prevent another cyst from growing there.
Impacted Molars with Root Issues
Impacted wisdom teeth are a common issue. They grow incorrectly, often angled toward the front of the mouth or at the wrong angle and press against other teeth, causing pain and discomfort.
Because of this, dentists recommend removing wisdom teeth that are impacted if they cause serious issues with the surrounding teeth and jaw bone. They may also recommend removing impacted wisdom teeth if they are linked to gum disease, tooth decay or other health problems.
The pain you feel after a wisdom tooth removal is normal, and it will subside as the healing process continues. However, it is important to follow your dentist’s advice on mouthwashes and soreness-reducing medication if the pain persists.