When you get a tooth removed, you may start to notice some white stuff around your extraction site. It’s a normal part of the healing process and is usually either granulation tissue or pus.
Normally, the white stuff you see at your tooth extraction healing site is a good sign that it’s progressing properly. If it’s accompanied by extreme pain, however, it might be a sign of an infection.
What Is It?
During the first 24 hours after tooth extraction, your body forms a blood clot around the tooth socket to protect the bone and nerves as it heals. This blood clot is made up of red blood cells and platelets, but also contains something called fibrin.
Fibrin is a protein that keeps the blood clot together to prevent bleeding. Without this, your wound from the extraction would keep bleeding.
The clot is also a protective barrier that blocks bacteria from entering the wound. The white stuff you see around the surgery site is fibrin and granulation tissue.
This granulation tissue is a normal part of the healing process and shouldn’t cause you any concern. However, if it’s accompanied by pain or swelling that doesn’t improve, it could be a sign of an infection or dry socket. If you think you have these conditions, you should contact your dentist immediately. They can prescribe appropriate treatment.
Is It Safe?
If you’ve had a tooth extracted, you may have noticed white stuff around the area where your tooth was removed. This is normal and a sign that the healing process is underway.
Typically, it is granulation tissue that lines your extraction site. It’s formed when the body starts to heal and is composed of new blood vessels, connective tissue, and cells that are creating new skin.
The whitish/yellowish material is fibrin, your bodies response to injury or pain. Fibrin is a water-repellent substance that traps blood platelets and red blood cells in order to form blood clots that help your wound to heal.
Dry socket: The most common complication of tooth extraction is a condition known as dry socket. If the clot dislodges, it can cause your bone and nerves to become exposed, leading to pain and discomfort.
To prevent dry socket, avoid vigorous swishing and gurgling or sucking through a straw for the first few days after your procedure. During this time, stick to soft foods like soups, yogurt, applesauce, and pudding.
Do I Need to Worry?
It’s normal to notice the presence of white stuff at your tooth extraction healing site. This is a result of the blood clot forming at the extraction site, which stops bleeding and bacteria from entering the hole.
Once the clot is healthy and the tissue around it has healed, your body begins to form granulation tissue. This delicate tissue is made up of blood vessels, collagen and white blood cells.
The white tissue at your extraction site may appear within 12 hours to one week after the procedure, and will start to fade away about two weeks later. However, if you notice it continuing beyond this time period, it could be an indication of something to worry about.
How Long Will It Last?
During the first 24 hours after a tooth extraction, a blood clot will form to stop bleeding and protect the wound from infection. It takes a few days for this clot to completely dissolve.
In the meantime, your oral tissues will still look red and inflamed. They may bleed on provocation, and the socket of your extracted tooth will still be visible.
But after a few days, these symptoms should all disappear except for a little bit of sensitivity from the new tissue that’s forming around your extraction site.
After a week or so, a membrane called “granulation tissue” will begin to form around your extraction site to help it heal properly. This tissue consists of collagen, blood vessels and white blood cells.
The healing time varies for each patient depending on their initial size of the wound, as well as personal habits and other factors. But it usually takes about eight weeks for this tissue to fully develop and replace the damaged gum or bone tissue in the socket.